Basic knowledge of baby food | Babies |

Basic knowledge of baby food

If you want to feed your child with baby milk, you have a lot to think about. Before you start, you need to know how to properly sterilize the bottles and how to mix the powder in the right proportions. Then it is important to know how and how often you give your child the bottle and how to feed your child when you are out and about.

How do I properly sterilize the bottles?

Before using bottles and teats for the first time, they must be sterilized and also every time they have been used. Wash everything thoroughly and sterilize everything carefully. Use a steam or microwave sterilizer or use a sterilization solution.

But it is also sufficient if you boil the bottles - put the bottle and teat in boiling water for at least ten minutes. It is important that you clean it afterwards with a clean tea towel dried Bacteria and fungi like damp and warm climates and would otherwise spread quickly.

How do I prepare baby milk?

  • Follow the instructions on the package carefully.
  • Use boiled, chilled water.
  • Fill the bottle up to the mark.
  • Measure the milk powder with the supplied trowel according to the manufacturer's instructions. With the aid of a knife, you can remove excess powder from the trowel, but do not press it firmly.
  • Add the food to the water in the bottle, seal it well with the nipple and lid and shake well.

Do not succumb to the temptation to add milk powder to extra trowels - this could make your baby sick.

Once cooled, bottle milk should not be reheated - pour away any residue! If you want to prepare bottles, it is best to fill a thermos with hot water and then stir the food fresh if necessary.

How often should I feed my baby?

As with breastfeeding, the experts here agree that there should be no timetable for the first few weeks. Habits will show themselves after a month or two. Initially, give your baby a bottle every two or three hours, or when he seems hungry. Most children require the breast / bottle about every two to three hours.

If the baby weighs 4.5 pounds, then it needs about 700 ml of milk a day, spread over at least eight servings. That means it gets four to eight meals. After about two to three weeks, the amount of drinking is about 100 - 150 ml per meal (depending on how often it gets something).

Do not force your baby to drink when it is full. Your midwife will be able to tell you how much your baby needs with age and weight. (More information about the amount of baby food can be found here.)

What should I look for when buying baby food?

Especially important is the age on the package. If you are unwilling or unable to breastfeed, infant formula (Pre 1) is the only alternative to breastmilk (or HA for children at risk of allergy). Follow-on nutrition is tailored to the needs of the baby from the complementary age. It is recommended that you do not feed your child during the first six months with anything else before you introduce additional complementary foods (EWGRichtl-2006/141, Article 13 (1) b). However, according to the network "Gesund ins Leben" and other professional associations, follow-on nutrition is not necessary. The first milk can be given the whole first year of life. If you want to give the follow-on formula, it should be fed with the introduction of complementary foods at the earliest.

There is an EC guideline on infant formulas that all manufacturers must adhere to. This includes, among other things, the calories contained. For infant formulas, the calorie content of this guideline is 60-70 kcal / 100 ml, and for follow-on formulas 60-70 kcal.

Infant formulas and follow-on formulas also differ in composition, especially in iron content. Follow-on formula also contains carbohydrates in the form of starch, maltose, maltodextrins, glucose, sucrose and fructose. That's why it tastes sweeter. In particular, the follow-on formula 3, which is recommended by the manufacturers from the 10th month, is superfluous. From this point on the conversion to family food can take place and cow's milk can be served. The follow-on formula 3 also contains unnecessary flavors and sugars.

Confusing at first glance can be for parents the labels and abbreviations on the packs. The meaning of the individual labels and what the individual ingredients are good for, can be found in the following table.

abbreviationTerm / substanceWhat is it for?
HAhypoallergenicfor allergy-prone infants; contained protein is split, therefore low-allergen; however not suitable for diagnosed cow's milk allergy
LCP / LC-PUFAlong-chain, polyunsaturated fatty acidsfor the development of the brain, nervous system and eyesight
probioticsLactic acid culturesPromotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the body's defenses
prebioticsprebiotic fiberPromotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the body's defenses
GOS / FOS (prebiotic mixture)Galacto and fructooligosaccharidesPromotion of a healthy intestinal flora, to regulate digestion, to strengthen the body's defenses
taurinetaurinein support of the development of the brain; for the formation of bile acids
nucleotidesnucleotidesimportant for the immune system as well as for the maturation of the intestinal mucosa
(Diet association, undated)


Dieting, undated. Federal Association of Food Producers of Special Diets (DIÄTVERBAND) e.V.: "News on infant formulas and follow-on formulas." Specialist information for pediatricians and midwives

EWGRichtl-2006 / 141st Commission Directive 2006/141 / EC of 22.12.2006 on infant formulas and follow-on formulas and amending Directive 1999/21 / EC
published in Official Journal EU L 401/1 ff. of 30.12.2006.

Scientific basis: Scientific Commission on Food (SCF) "Revision of Essential Requirements for Infant Formulas and Follow-on Formulas", April 4, 2003

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