What should I pay attention to as a pregnant woman in sports?
Usually, light exercise will keep your muscles strong and flexible, especially during labor. In addition, exercise is relaxing, relieves physical symptoms such as back pain, or reduces constipation, and helps your body to regain its shape more quickly after pregnancy.
Nevertheless, you are significantly more limited by the pregnancy than before. Your body has changed: you need to carry more weight, you get tired faster, and your body's center of gravity has shifted. For this reason, you should be careful during training and listen well to your body. He will let you know immediately when you are overexerting and when you are in the danger zone. Particularly when there are unfavorable biomechanical risk factors such as joint misalignments (e.g., strong O or X legs).
When should I quit sports immediately?
Call your doctor immediately as soon as you feel any of the following symptoms.
The symptoms marked with (!) Are especially dangerous. If you can not reach your doctor, you should go to the emergency department at the nearest clinic if you have such a sign.
Vaginal bleeding (!)
Bleeding is always a cause for concern, although some women bleed easily over the entire pregnancy. Bleeding may be a sign of miscarriage at the beginning of pregnancy. In the second and last third, they often indicate preterm labor, a placenta previa or a placenta tear; all states requiring immediate medical attention.
Vision problems (!)
If you suddenly feel blurry in the middle of training, you may be dehydrated, which in turn increases your blood pressure and heartbeat. The result may be that your baby's vital organs are not getting enough blood. Vision disorders can also indicate pre-eclampsia, a complication characterized by high blood pressure, fluid retention and protein-containing urine. Because pre-eclampsia can severely obstruct the flow of blood into the placenta, it is very dangerous for the developing child.
If you get sick during exercise, it means that too much lactic acid has accumulated in your stomach. Lactic acid is a by-product that arises when your muscles are over-stressed.
If dizziness persists or is accompanied by blurred vision, headache, or palpitations, it may be a sign of severe anemia or other serious illness that can harm you during pregnancy.
A feeling of fainting can point to a complication in pregnancy, and that's why you need to be examined - even if you have to cancel your sports course. Maybe it's just a simple problem, such as dehydration, but it may also be about something serious, such as severe circulatory problems. In such a case, your brain may not be adequately supplied with oxygen - and so will your baby.
If you sweat profusely during exercise and are unable to have a relaxed conversation with another person, you are probably overreaching. Make sure that your pulse moves in a safe area during exercise. The heart rate should not exceed 140 beats per minute.
If you feel a strange flutter in your chest, that's probably a sign that you are training too hard. In such a case, slowly slow down the pace and then stop. Have your doctor examine you and in the future make sure that your heart rate is within a safe range.
Swelling hands, feet and ankles
It is normal for the hands and feet to swell a bit after exercise. If you do this more than usual, you may have a preeclampsia.
Stinging pain in abdomen and chest (!)
Maybe you just overstretched your ligaments or have a sore sore - it could be pain as well as contractions. You need to be connected to a monitor as soon as possible so that your doctor can tell you if you are already in labor.
Sudden change in body temperature
When you get wet hands, hot flashes, or cold showers, your body shows you that it's having a hard time regulating temperature. This may be harmful to your baby: it may overheat just like you. As your body tries to cool down, the blood that should actually flow into the placenta is directed toward the skin.
You only feel a few movements of your child or no more
It is normal for your child to move less while exercising. Then it should move again as always. If you no longer notice your baby's movements or are moving less than usual, tell your midwife or doctor immediately.